What is Gestational Diabetes?
Do you ever heard of gestational diabetes? This is a type of diabetes that can occur during pregnancy, especially during the second half of pregnancy. Gestational diabetes can interfere with pregnancy, as well as the health of pregnant women and infants.
Gestational diabetes caused by rising levels of various hormones in the body during pregnancy. Increasing the number of pregnancy hormones can inhibit the action of insulin.
As a result, blood sugar rises and stored as fat by the body of the mother. Blood sugar levels are kept high, this can lead to fetal weight goes up, up above the average.
Risk Factors for Diabetes – Gestational
In addition because of pregnancy, the risk of pregnant women for gestational diabetes will be higher if they have the following factors:
- Having a history of gestational diabetes
The risk of gestational diabetes will be higher if a previous pregnancy have experienced this condition. So it comes early and periodic inspection if pregnant women diagnosed with this condition never before.
- Over 25 years
Pregnant women over the age of 25 years is more likely to develop gestational diabetes.
- Family history of diabetes
Pregnant women are more at risk of developing gestational diabetes if you have family members who suffer from diabetes, or if it had delivered a baby weighing more than 4.1 kg.
- Obese during pregnancy
Pregnant women need to control your weight by knowing the body mass index (BMI). If the body mass index over 30, pregnant women included in the category of obesity. Losing weight is too high could increase the risk of gestational diabetes.
- Have a history of certain diseases
A woman has a higher risk of developing gestational diabetes if you have previously suffered from certain diseases, such as hypertension, heart problems, and PCOS.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that affects hormone levels in women. Pregnant women are at high risk for gestational diabetes if ever suffer from PCOS.